Mitigasi dan Adaptasi Struktural Bahaya Banjir Berdasarkan Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Aceh Singkil Provinsi Aceh.

Nazli Ismail (Research Center Ethnoscience, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh)
Bakhtiar Bakhtiar (Graduate Program in Disaster Science, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh) Orcid ID Google Scholar or Scopus ID
Muhammad Yanis (Department of Geophysical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh)
Dian Darisma (Department of Geophysical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh) Orcid ID
Faisal Abdullah (Department of Physics, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh)
Most of the Singkil communities live along the river banks. Their long-term experience has generated some local wisdom in flood hazard mitigation and adaptation. To revitalize the values of the local wisdom, we have researched Cingkam Village, Aceh Singkil District, Aceh Province. A descriptive exploratory method was used in this study. Field data were collected based on field observations, interviews with local communities, and in-depth interviews with community leaders and local government regarding knowledge, experience, implementation, and possibility of developing the local wisdom. The results showed that the Singkil community practice local wisdom on structural mitigation and adaptation in flood hazards. They constructed floating buildings, namely sapao metungkhang, lampung, and bagan, made of logs drifting along the river. The buildings are practically effective, so that daily household and communal activities can still be carried out both in normal conditions and during flooding. However, they tend to disappear due to several factors including shortages of raw materials, progress inland transportation development, relocation of community far from rivers, and dimmed water transportation routes. Although the practices are starting to be abandoned, they still have the potential to be preserved and developed for both flood risk reduction and tourism destinations.
Local Wisdom; flood hazard; mitigation; adaptation; Aceh Singkil
Klik untuk membaca artikel penuh

Ahmad, H.A. (2016). Resolusi Konflik Keagamaan di Aceh Singkil dalam Perspektif Budaya Dominan. Jurnal Multikultural & Multireligius, 15(3), 45-59.

Cadag, J.R.D. & Gaillard, J.C. (2012). Integrating knowledge and actions in disaster risk reduction: the contribution of participatory mapping. Area, 44, 100–109.

Cohen, L., Manion, L. & Morisson, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education 5th Edition. London and New York: Routledge Falmer.

Dube, E. & Munsaka, E. (2018). The contribution of indigenous knowledge to disaster risk reduction activities in Zimbabwe: A big call to practitioners, Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 10(1), a493.

Fang, W., He, F., Cai, J., & Shi, P. (2008). Karez Technology for Drought Disaster Reduction in China, dalam Shaw, R., Uy, N., and baumwoll, J. Indigenous Knowlegde for Disaster Risk Reduction: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Experiences in The Asia-Pasific Region. Bangkok: UN/ISDR.

Gaillard, J.C. &, Mercer, J. (2012). From knowledge to action: bridging gaps in disaster risk reduction. Progress in Human Geography, 37, 93–114.

Gershberg, A.I. (1998). Decentralisation, recentralisation and performance accountability: building an operationally useful framework for analysis. Development Policy Review, 16, 405–31.

Gibson, N. (2004). Action research. In: Lewis-Beck MS, Bryman A, Liao TF, editors. The sage encyclopaedia of social science research methods, vol. 1. Thousand Oaks: Sage, p. 4–6.

Habibi, R. K. & Kusdarini, E. (2020). Kearifan lokal masyarakat dalam melestarikan tradisi pernikahan pepadun di Lampung Utara, Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-isu Sosial Budaya, 22(01), 60-69.

Hall, J. R., Neitz, M. J. & Battani, M. (2003). Sociology on culture. New York: Routledge.

Hiwasaki, L. Luna E., Syamsidik, & Shaw, R. (2014). Process for integrating local and indigenous knowledge with science for hydro-meteorological disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in coastal and small island communities. Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduction, 10, 15–27.

Hussain, Z., Al-shafie, H., Mita, H. A., Hussain, S., Hasan, M.M., & Islam, G.M.K. (2015). Local wisdom: indegenous practices for mitigating disaster loss, Bangladesh, Proshar.

Kulatunga, U. (2010). Impact of Culture towards Disaster Risk Reduction, International Journal of Strategic Property Management, 14, 304–313.

Leonard, S., Parsons, M., Olawsky, K. & Kofod, F. (2013). The role of culture and traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation: Insights from East Kimberley, Australia, Global Environmental Change 23, 623–632.

Mavhura, E., Manyena, S.B., Collins, A.E., & Manatsa, D. (2013). International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 5, 38-48.

McAdoo, B.G., Dengler, L., Titov, V., Prasetya, G. & Smong, G. (2006). How an oral history saved thousands on Indonesia’s Simeulue Island, Earthquake Spectra, 22 (Suppl 3), 661–669.

Mercer, J., Gaillard, J.C., Crowley, K., Shannon, R., Alexander, B., Day. S., et al. (2012). Culture and disaster risk reduction: lessons and opportunities. Environmental Hazards, 11, 74–95.

Mercer, J., Kelman, I., Taranis, L. & Suchet-Pearson, S. (2010) Framework for integrating indigenous and scientific knowledge for disaster risk reduction. Disasters, 34, 214–39.

Nanda, S. and Warms, R. L. (2007). Cultural anthropology. Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, Belmont, CA.

Sillitoe, P. (1998). The development of indigenous knowledge: a new applied anthropology. Current Anthropology, 39, 223–252.

Sujarwani, R., Wulandari, F.D., Husni, A., Rianto, F., Sarinah. (2018). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Komunitas Adat Terpencil (KAT) oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Lingga, Kepualauan Riau, Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya. 20 (1): 17-31.

Sullivan (2016) Cultural Heritage and New Media: A Future for the Past, J. Marshal Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 604.

Stephen, I., Chowdhurry, R. D., and Nath, D. (2008). Soil and Water Conservation Throught Bamboo Plantation: A Disaster Management Technique Adopted by the People of Nandeswar, Assam, dalam Shaw, R., Uy, N., and baumwoll, J. Indigenous Knowlegde for Disaster Risk Reduction: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Experiences in The Asia-Pasific Region. Bangkok UN/ISDR.

Tresno, Ana, R.F., Wicaksono, M., Wicaksanti, A.R. and Deswita, R. (2018). Antara ulayat adat dan hutan nagari: Sebuah kebijakan perhutanan sosial di Minangkabau, Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, 20 (2), 191-211.

Utama, B. (2013) Kearifan Lokal pada Arsitektur Hunian Tradisional di Kawasan Rawan Bencana Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Kebudayaan, 8 (1), 40-56.

Wilby, R.L. & Keenan R. (2013). Adapting to flood risk under climate change. Progress in Physical Geography, 36, 348–78.

Zamroni, I. (2011). Islam dan Kearifan Lokal dalam Penanggulangan Bencana di Jawa. Penanggulangan Bencana, 2 (1), 1-10.,

Zamzami, L. (2016). Dinamika Pranata Sosial Terhadap Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Nelayan Dalam Melestarikan Wisata Bahari, Jurnal Antrapologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, 18 (1): 57-67.

StatisticsStatistik Artikel

Artikel ini sudah dibaca : 2279 kali
Dokumen Pdf sudah dibaca/diunduh : 9 kali