Remitan dan Kendala Pemanfaatannya dalam Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Migran di Kabupaten Cilacap, Jawa Tengah

Suyanto Suyanto (Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Center Java.)
Fajrul Falah (Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Center Java.)
Return migrants in some areas of migrant’s enclave in Indonesia a have high dependence on work abroad because when they return to Indonesia many no longer have a steady source of income. This happens because they are generally consumptive, spend a lot of money, are glamourous, are less calculating, not have a job plan after not being a migrant. For this reason, the use of remittances migrants is again interesting to study. The aims of this research are to explain the utilization of remittances and the obstacle experienced in the utilization of remittances in improving the welfare of households. The design of this study was a survey and case study. Data collection uses observation, structured interview, in-depth interviews, and FGD. Data analysis uses descriptive statistics and followed by qualitative descriptive and categorical analysis. The result of the research shows that remittances are generally for buying land and building houses, furniture and modern kitchen equipment, motorbikes or cars, and wedding parties, and a small portion is allocated for productive businesses. An obstacle of returning migrants in improving their welfare household is low education, the use of more remittances for consumer goods and investment, and the use of remittances more determined by husbands.
Return migrant; remittances; household welfare; consumptive; investment.
Klik untuk membaca artikel penuh

Abdulla, K. (2020). Human capital accumulation: Evidence from immigrants in low-income countries. Journal of Comparative Economics, 48(4), 951–973.

Binford, L. (2003). Migrant Remittances and (Under) Development in Mexico. Critique of Anthropology, 23(3), 305–336.

BPS Jawa Tengah. (2020). Provinsi Jawa Tengah Dalam Angka. Badan Pusat Statistik, 1–604.

Delhey, J., & Steckermeier, L. C. (2016). The Good Life, Affluence, and Self-reported Happiness: Introducing the Good Life Index and Debunking Two Popular Myths. World Development, 88, 50–66.

Di Maria, C., & Stryszowski, P. (2009). Migration, human capital accumulation and economic development. Journal of Development Economics, 90(2), 306–313.

Dustmann, C., Fadlon, I., & Weiss, Y. (2011). Return migration, human capital accumulation and the brain drain. Journal of Development Economics, 95(1), 58–67.

Ibourk, A., & Amaghouss, J. (2014). Impact of migrant remittances on economic empowerment of women: A macroeconomic investigation. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 4(3), 597–611.

Jaya, N. N. (2016). Entrepreneurship Model of Post-Migrant Workers Empowerment in West Lombok. American Journal of Business and Society, 1(1), 8–12.

Kuźniarz, B. (2018). Simmel and the posthuman: Money as the god of bad infinity. Polish Sociological Review, 204(4), 447–462.

Mas’udah, S. (2020). Remittances and Lifestyle Changes Among Indonesian Overseas Migrant Workers’ Families in Their Hometowns. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 21(2), 649–665.

Miswanto, & Arfa, D. (2016). Perdagangan dan Penyeludupan Pekerja Migran Indonesia di Malaysia. Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, 18(1), 1.

Prayitno, G., Matsushima, K., Jeong, H., & Kobayashi, K. (2014). Social Capital and Migration in Rural Area Development. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20, 543–552.

S. Suyanto, Retno Sunu Astuti, and B. P. P. (2018). Proceedings of International Conference on Southeast Asian Maritime World E ISSN 2684-7116 The. The Increasing Constraints of Return Migrant Household Welfare in Central Java, Indonesia, 4, 42–45.

Suyanto. (2020). Job Shift of the Indonesian International Return Migrant in Central Java Province. E3S Web of Conferences, 202.

Suyanto, S. (2018). Pemanfaatan Remitan Ekonomi dan Ketergantungan Migran Kembali Bekerja di Luar Negeri. Endogami: Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Antropologi, 2(1), 30.

Suyanto, S., & Falah, F. (2021). Human Capital Accumulation and Entrepreneurial Spirit of Migrants Returns in Cilacap Regency, Central Java Province. E3S Web of Conferences, 317, 01022.

Uddin, I. O., & Igbokwe, E. M. (2020). Effects of international migration and remittances on rural households in edo state, nigeria. Human Geographies, 14(1), 91–105.

Widyastuti, A. (2012). Analisis Hubungan Antara Produktivitas Pekerja Dan Tingkat Pendidikan Pekerja Terhadap Kesejahteraan Keluarga Di Jawa Tengah Tahun 2009. Economics Development Analysis Journal, 1(2).

Wilkis, A. (2018). The moral power of money : morality and economy in the life of urban poor / (1st ed.). Stanford University Press.

Wu, B., & Liu, L. (2020). Social capital for rural revitalization in China: A critical evaluation on the government’s new countryside programme in Chengdu. Land Use Policy, 91(August 2019), 104268.

StatisticsStatistik Artikel

Artikel ini sudah dibaca : 508 kali
Dokumen Pdf sudah dibaca/diunduh : 1 kali