Ekowisata sebagai Bentuk Adaptasi Masyarakat Liang Ndara pada Pariwisata

Deni Alfian MBA (FISIP, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta)

Tourism is continuing on growing to become one of the world most powerful economics powers and the main mover of the country’s economic system. Unfortunately, one the other hand, tourism can also promote harmful effects on social culture and environment. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a sustainable tourism strategy. Ecotourism as an alternative sustainable tourism that offers not only economic benefit but also nature preservation. This research focuses on the local’s adjustment towards the global tourism culture. This research which took place at Liang Ndara ecotourism village is meant to answer two main questions of firstly, how the locals adapt to the tourism phenomenon which situated in Labuan Bajo, NTT. Secondly, how they managed to succeed the adaptation process. In order to answer these questions, this research was conducted in qualitative methodology. This paper argues that the locals of Liang Ndara was able to adapt to the new realm of tourism, of ecotourism. They were capable of managing the financial benefit as well as the nature and ecology preservation. The most essential factors of the success was the sensitivity towards the change that is taken place in their surroundings. In addition to the sensitivity factor, there was a role model for the locals who developed the ecotourism. Moreover, it was the openness to build the network with different parties especially NGO that support the ecotourism which determined their success. 

Ecotourism; adaptation; sustainability; tourism
Klik untuk membaca artikel penuh

Adams, W. M., & Hutton, J. (2007). People, parks and poverty: political ecology and biodiversity conservation. Conservation and society, 5(2), 147-183.

Bernadin, H. J., & Russell, J. E. (1993). Human resource management. International edition. Singapura: McGraw Hill, Inc.

BPS. (2018). Statistik Pariwisata. In: Semarang: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Briody, E., & Chrisman, J. (1991). Cultural adaptation on overseas assignments. Human organization, 50(3), 264-282.

Bryant, R. L., & Bailey, S. (1997). Third world political ecology: Psychology Press.

de los Angeles Somarriba-Chang, M., & Gunnarsdotter, Y. (2012). Local community participation in ecotourism and conservation issues in two nature reserves in Nicaragua. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(8), 1025-1043.

Dilly, B. J. (2003). Gender, culture, and ecotourism: development policies and practices in the Guyanese rain forest. Women's Studies Quarterly, 31(3/4), 58-75.

Driscoll, L., Hunt, C., Honey, M., & Durham, W. (2011). The importance of ecotourism as a development and conservation tool in the Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. Center for Responsible Travel (CREST).

Fischer, R. (2017). Personality, values, culture: An evolutionary approach: Cambridge University Press.

Gudykunts, W. B. K., Young Y. (2003). Communicating with Stranger (Vol. 4 Edition). New York: Mc-Graw Hill Companies, Inc.

Gunawan, M., & Ortis, O. (2012). Rencana Strategis Pariwisata Berkelanjutan dan Green Jobs Untuk Indonesia. Kerjasama ILO dengan Kementrian Pariwisata Republik Indonesia.

Hien, N. T. (2016). Cultural adaptation, tradition, and identity of diasporic Vietnamese people: a case study in Silicon Valley, California, USA. Asian Ethnology, 75(2), 441.

Hill, J. L., & Hill, R. A. (2011). Ecotourism in Amazonian Peru: uniting tourism, conservation and community development. Geography, 96, 75.

Immanuel, W. (1974). The modern world-system. New York: Academic Press, 1989, 3.

Karlson, B. (2015). Political ecology: anthropological perspectives. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 18(2), 350-355.

Kemenpar, R. (2018). Statistik Pariwisata Indonesia. Jakarta: Kemenpar.

Kim, Y. Y. (2017). Cross-cultural adaptation. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication.

Kiper, T. (2013). Role of ecotourism in sustainable development. In: InTech.

McKercher, B., & Du Cros, H. (2002). Cultural tourism: The partnership between tourism and cultural heritage management: Routledge.

Neumann, R. P. (1992). Political ecology of wildlife conservation in the Mt. Meru area of Northeast Tanzania. Land Degradation & Development, 3(2), 85-98.

Pamungkas, B., Warto, W., & Mugijatna, M. (2019). NEGOTIATION BETWEEN STAKEHOLDERS OF COMMODIFICATION: Roles and Impacts as Stakeholders in Tebing Breksi Prambanan. Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, 21(1), 111-120.

Peet, R., & Watts, M. (2004). Liberation ecologies: environment, development, social movements: Psychology Press.

Price, M. F. (1992). Patterns of the development of tourism in mountain environments. GeoJournal, 27(1), 87-96.

Richards, G. (2009). The impact of culture on tourism.

Romero-Brito, T. P., Buckley, R. C., & Byrne, J. (2016). NGO partnerships in using ecotourism for conservation: systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS one, 11(11), e0166919.

Stronza, A. (2001). Anthropology of tourism: Forging new ground for ecotourism and other alternatives. Annual review of anthropology, 30(1), 261-283.

Stronza, A. (2007). The economic promise of ecotourism for conservation. Journal of Ecotourism, 6(3), 210-230.

Stronza, A., & Pêgas, F. (2008). Ecotourism and conservation: Two cases from Brazil and Peru. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 13(4), 263-279.

Stronza, A. L., Hunt, C. A., & Fitzgerald, L. A. (2019). Ecotourism for conservation? Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 44, 229-253.

Utami, L. S. S. (2016). Teori-Teori Adaptasi Antar Budaya. Jurnal Komunikasi, 7(2), 180-197.

Wearing, S., & Neil, J. (2009). Ecotourism: Impacts, potentials and possibilities? : Routledge.

Whelan, H. (1988). Nature tourism. Environmental Conservation, 15(2), 182-182.

WTO. (2017). UNWTO tourism highlights: 2017 edition. In: UNWTO Madrid, Spain.

Zamzami, L. (2016). Partisipasi masyarakat nelayan dalam pengembangan budaya wisata bahari di Kabupaten Agam. Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, 17(2), 131-144.

StatisticsStatistik Artikel

Artikel ini sudah dibaca : 2715 kali
Dokumen Pdf sudah dibaca/diunduh : 8 kali