Budaya, Agama, dan Makna Volunterisme bagi Kader Warga Peduli AIDS di Kota Bandung

Author(s)
Erna Herawati (Department of Anthropology, FISIP, Padjadjaran University, Bandung)
Abstract

HIV epidemic in Indonesia has been last for three decades and the members of the community have participated in the prevention and intervention. Warga Peduli AIDS (WPA) is an action by a group of local residents in Bandung City who concerned about HIV and AIDS. This action has been one of examples of community participation in responding to the epidemic. The action includes participation in meetings held by NGOs and city government to discuss prevention at the community level, dissemination of information about epidemic preventions; and providing social support for people living with HIV and AIDS. This study aims at describing motives that drive the WPA activist (better known as WPA Kader) to carry out an action, and how they view the meaning of their action. This study was conducted in a qualitative approach using an ethnographic model. This study finds that WPA Kader derived their motive of action from religious and cultural values, and their action is a combination of altruism and self-interest to pursue their personal spiritual satisfaction.  In line with this motive, they view their action as part of their religious and cultural expression; instead of merely a community-based action to respond to a timely health issue. 

Keywords
Budaya; Agama; Volunterisme; Warga Peduli AIDS
Klik untuk membaca artikel penuh
Pdf
References

Akintola, O. (2011). What motivates people to volunteer? The case of volunteer AIDS caregivers in faith-based organizations in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Health Policy and Planning. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czq019

Amady, M. R. El. (2015). Etik dan Emik pada Karya Etnografi. Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Bandung. (2017). Kota Bandung Dalam Angka 2017. Retrieved from https://bandungkota.bps.go.id/publication/2017/08/11/7cf46753e6cb9992a7e401b6/kota-bandung-dalam-angka-2017.html

Clary, E. G., Ridge, R. D., Stukas, A. A., Snyder, M., Copeland, J., Haugen, J., Miene, P. (1998). Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: A functional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. https://doi.org/ 10.1037/0022-3514.74.6.1516

Clary, E. G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R. (1992). Volunteers’ motivations: A functional strategy for the recruitment, placement, and retention of volunteers. Nonprofit Management and Leadership. https://doi.org/10.1002/nml.4130020403

Danasasmita. (1987). Sewaka Darma (koropak 408), Sanghyang Siksakandang Karesian (koropak 630), Amanat Galunggung (koropak 632: Transkripsi Terjemahan. Bandung: Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia.

Ekadjati. (2005). Kebudayaan Sunda: Suatu Pendekatan Sejarah. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Esmond, J., Dunlop, P. (2004). Developing the Volunteer Motivation Inventory to assess the underlying motivational drives of volunteers in western Australia. Research Project Funded by Lotterywest Social Research Grant.

Essen, D. J. von, Hustinx, A. P. L., Haers, J., Mels, S. (2015). Religion and Volunteering: Complex, Contested and Ambiguous Relationships. Religion and Volunteering. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-04585-6

Fernandez, W., Manurung, I. F. E., Toy, S. M., Ndoen, H. I. (2019). Perilaku Warga Peduli AIDS terhadap Penanggulangan HIV dan AIDS Di Kota Kupang. Husada Mahakam: Jurnal Kesehatan. https://doi.org/10.35963/hmjk.v4i8.157

Grönlund, H. (2013). Cultural Values and Volunteering: A Cross-Cultural Perspective, 71–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6952-0_6

Harsojo. (1979). Kebudayaan Sunda. In Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia.

Herawati, E. (2017). Warga Peduli AIDS’: Community Participation in the HIV and AIDS Response in Bandung. MIMBAR, Jurnal Sosial Dan Pembangunan. https://doi.org/10.29313/mimbar .v33i2.2439

Hofstede, G. H. (2001). Culture’s Consequences, Second Edition: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations. In Edn, Sage Publications, Inc, Thousand Oaks. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022110388567

Ibrahim, M. Y. (2017). Pengaruh amalan komunikasi terhadap penglibatan belia dalam kesukarelawanan. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space. https://doi.org/10.17576/geo-2017-1304-08

Indrawardana, I. (2014). Berketuhanan dalam Perspektif Kepercayaan Sunda Wiwitan. MELINTAS. https://doi.org/10.26593/mel.v30i1.1284.105-118

Jakob, S. (2010). Islam dan Sunda dalam Mitos: Pandangan Manusia Sunda Masa Kini dan Hubunganya dengan Islam. In M. Hasbullah (Ed.), Studi Sejarah Islam Sunda. Bandung: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, Universitas Islam Negeri Sundan Gunung Djati.

Kahmad, S. (2009). Agama Islam dan Budaya Sunda. In International Roundtable Discussion on Islamic Thought and Sundanese Values. Bandung.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2013). Permenkes No 21 Tahun 2013.

Komisi Penanggulangan AIDS Nasional. (2010). Warga Peduli AIDS Perwujudan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Penanggulangan HIV -AIDS. Jakarta.

Lisdiati, L., Hum Syarif Hidayat, M., Abdulhak, I., dan Muchsin, M. (2014). The Tradition of Consecrating Rice in Pangandaran Sub-District. Asian Culture and History. https://doi.org/10.5539/ach.v7n1p156

Miles,M.B. Huberman, M. a. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (3rd ed.). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publication.

Newland, L. (2000). Under the Banner of Islam: Mobilising Religious Identities in West Java. Australian Journal of Anthropology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1835-9310.2000.tb00056.x

Noorduyn, J; Teeuw, A. (2006). Three Old Sundanese Poems. Leiden: KITLV.

Novoa, A.D; Johnson, V.(2013). Volunteer Experience: Understanding and Fostering Global Citizenship. New York. Retrieved from https://wp.nyu.edu/ steinhardt-appsych_opus/the-volunteer-experience-understanding-and-fostering-global-citizenship/

Okun, M. A., O’Rourke, H. P., Keller, B., Johnson, K. A., Enders, C. (2015). Value-Expressive Volunteer Motivation and Volunteering by Older Adults: Relationships With Religiosity and Spirituality. Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1093/ geronb/gbu029

Omoto, A. M., Snyder, M. (2002). Considerations of community : The context and process of volunteerism. American Behavioral Scientist. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764202045005007

Parboteeah, K. P., Cullen, J. B., Lim, L. (2004). Formal volunteering: A cross-national test. Journal of World Business. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2004.08.007

Pasaribu, Y. (2015). Modernization of Transportation Means and its Shift in Worldview of Traditional Community: Case Study of Sundanese Culture in Bandung. Tawarikh International Journal of Historical Study, 6(2), 237–257.

Ricklefs, M. C. (2012). Islamisation and Its Opponents in Java: A Political, Social, Cultural and Religious History, c. 1930 to the Present. University of Hawaii Press.

Rosidi. (2010). Mencari Sosok Manusia Sunda. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Rusyana, Y. (1989). Pandangan Hidup Orang Sunda : seperti Tercermin dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Dewasa ini (Tahap II).

Sudaryat, Y. (2014). The Interpretation of Sundanese Educational Philosophy in Traditional Idiomatic Expressions. EDUCARE: International Journal for Educational Studies.

Sumamiharja, S. (2005). Organisasi dan Struktur sosial Masyarakat Sunda. In Masyarakat Sunda dan kebudayaannya. Jakarta: Girimuksi Pasaka.

Syahrizal, S. (2016). Deskripsi dan Eksplanasi dalam etnografi. Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya. https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v17.n2.p161-174.2015

Warnaen, S. (1987). Pandangan Hidup Orang Sunda Seperti Tercermin dalam Tradisi Lisan dan Sastra Sunda: Penelitian Tahap II (Konsistensi dan Dinamika). Bandung.

Wati, N., Cahyo, K., Indraswari, R. (2017). Pengaruh Peran Warga Peduli AIDS terhadap Perilaku Diskriminatif pada ODHA. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal).

Wibisana, W. (2010). Pengaruh Islam terhadap Budaya Sunda. In M. Hasbullah (Ed.), Studi Sejarah Islam Sunda. Bandung: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, Universitas Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati.

Wildan. (2010). Perjumpaan Islam dengan Tradisi Sunda. In Studi Sejarah Islam Sunda. Bandung: Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, Universitas Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati.

Comments on this article

View all comments

StatisticsStatistik Artikel

Artikel ini sudah dibaca : 130 kali
Dokumen Pdf sudah dibaca/diunduh : 3 kali